Stocks are mostly rising on Wall Street on Thursday (US time) as hope remains that Washington can approve more aid for the economy and after a report suggested the pace of layoffs is slowing a bit, though it remains incredibly high.
The S&P 500 was 0.6 per cent higher in afternoon trading, tacking more gains onto Wednesday’s rise after President Donald Trump apparently backtracked on his decision to halt talks on more aid for the economy. He said in a televised interview on Thursday morning that “very productive” talks have begun on stimulus.
Other US and global stock indexes were also higher, but the last few weeks of trading have shown repeatedly that early gains for the market don’t always last. Stocks have been particularly rocky since early September, swerving on worries about everything from too-expensive prices to the still-raging pandemic, but the S&P 500 has been generally climbing the last two weeks.
The Dow Jones Industrial Average was up 0.3 per cent in mid-afternoon trade, It had earlier been up 155 points. The Nasdaq composite was 0.4 per cent higher. At 4.56am AEDT, futures are pointing to a flat start for the ASX.
A government report showed that 840,000 workers applied for unemployment benefits last week. That’s down slightly from 849,000 the prior week, though it’s still remarkably high compared with history. It also was slightly worse than economists were expecting, 837,000.
Several areas of the economy have been slowing recently after supplemental weekly unemployment benefits and other stimulus for the economy approved by Congress earlier this year expired. That has investors focused on whether Congress can deliver more aid. So far, bitter partisanship on Capitol Hill has been preventing a deal.
“The market is vulnerable to the gyrations of the political back-and-forth over a relief package,” said Quincy Krosby, chief market strategist at Prudential Financial.
The market has been swooping up and down this week in particular. On Tuesday, Trump said that he told his representatives to halt negotiations until after the election because he said House Speaker Nancy Pelosi was negotiating in bad faith. That caused stocks to suddenly swing from a 0.7 per cent gain to a 1.4 per cent drop.
But just a few hours later, Trump said that he would be open to several targeted programs, including aid for the airline industry specifically and $US1200 ($1675) in payments to Americans. That caused Wednesday’s rise, where the S&P 500 more than recovered all its losses from the prior day.
Pelosi spoke with Mnuchin on Wednesday evening about a standalone effort to help the airline industry, and they agreed to talk again Thursday.
On Thursday morning, Trump said in an interview with Fox Business that he shut down talks “because they weren’t working out. Now, they are starting to work out.”
“We are starting to have very productive talks,” he said. “[Pelosi] wants it to happen too. She doesn’t want it not to happen. I believe she wants it to happen because it’s so good for our country.”
But, Pelosi on Thursday said there wouldn’t be standalone bill for the airline industry unless it was part of a more expansive bill.
“The backdrop for the labour market, while solid, is slowing and the prospect of thousands of layoffs within the airline industry just adds pressure on consumer spending,” Krosby said.
Airline stocks gave up much of their earlier gains and were little changed in midday trading. United Airlines rose 0.2 per cent, Delta Air Lines rose 0.5 per cent and American Airlines fell 0.7 per cent.
“The on-and-off nature of the fiscal stimulus discussion in the US hardly inspires lasting confidence,” Riki Ogawa of Mizuho Bank said in a report, noting such uncertainty will continue through the presidential election campaign, and perhaps even after the vote.
Some investors also see rising poll numbers for Joe Biden in the upcoming presidential election as an indication that more stimulus may be on the way, regardless of what Trump says. If Democrats sweep the White House, Senate and House of Representatives, they say a big rescue package becomes more likely. And that could offset higher taxes and tighter regulations that a Democratic-controlled government could also create.
Merger-and-acquisition activity also helped to boost markets. Eaton Vance jumped 48.4 per cent after Morgan Stanley agreed to buy the investment company. Morgan Stanley rose 0.8 per cent.
IBM rallied 5.2 per cent after it said it’s spinning off a business unit that provides infrastructure services, as it focuses on its cloud and artificial-intelligence businesses.
Of course, many risks still remain for the market. Stocks still look expensive relative to corporate profits to critics. Tensions between the world’s two largest economies, the United States and China, are still simmering. And on top of it all, the pandemic is still raging, with Trump’s own COVID-19 diagnosis showing how far it is reaching.
Germany is seeing a sharp jump in new coronavirus infections, raising fears the pandemic is gaining in a country that so far has coped better than many of its European neighbours. The British government is mulling fresh restrictions on everyday life amid mounting evidence that the measures so far have done little to keep a lid on new coronavirus infections. France set a record number of infections on Wednesday.
In European stock markets, Germany’s DAX returned 0.9 per cent, and the French CAC 40 rose 0.6 per cent. The FTSE 100 in London added 0.5 per cent.
Japan’s benchmark Nikkei 225 rose 1 per cent, South Korea’s Kospi gained 0.2 per cent and Hong Kong’s Hang Seng slipped 0.2 per cent.
The yield on the 10-year Treasury note fell to 0.77 per cent from 0.81 per cent late on Wednesday.
Source: Thanks smh.com